Recent and current research links issues of human rights, law and collective representations and memory (especially of mass violence and atrocities).
An ongoing project, supported by the Arsham and Charlotte Ohanessian Chair, examines struggles over the writing of history and the formation of collective memories through legislative and legal proceedings for the case of the Armenian genocide.
A just completed book manuscript is entitled "Representing Mass Violence: Human Rights and Struggles over Darfur in a Globalizing World." It depicts the struggle over the appropriate representation of Darfur between new global institutions of criminal law, humanitarianism and diplomacy as well as divergences across countries with their distinct policy practices, histories and cultural sensitivities. The book also analyzes the communication of competing narratives by news media. English and German language versions are under contract.
The latter book grew out of a just completed research project, entitled "Collective Representations and Memories of Atrocities after Judicial Intervention: The Case of Darfur in International Comparison" and funded by the National Science Foundation. This project produced a data set resulting from a content analysis of some 3400 media reports and opinion pieces from news media in eight countries. These data are supplemented by an analysis of press releases of foreign ministries and of selected NGOs as well as by fifty in depth interviews with Africa correspondents, Sudan experts in foreign ministries and Darfur specialists in NGOs.
A previous book (with Ryan King) addressed ways in which the United States makes use of law to shape collective memories of evil (American Memories: Atrocities and the Law, Russell Sage Foundation, 2011). This book expands on ideas laid out in a broader, teaching oriented book that links together scholarship on grave human rights violations, war crimes and genocide with criminological thought (Crime and Human Rights: Criminology of Genocide and Atrocities, Sage 2010).
These book publications stand in the context of a line of work that explores the reciprocal relationship between collective memory and law in previous article length publications (e.g., article with Ryan King in Annual Review of Law and Social Science 2007). On the one hand I am concerned with consequences of collective memory for the use of law or force by collective actors, including states (example: how do national memories of hate-inspired violence affect contemporary hate crime law? [article, with Ryan King, in American Journal of Sociology 2005]). On the other hand I seek to explore the shaping of collective memory of atrocities through courts of law and alternative institutions (e.g., the Nuremberg Tribunal, the My Lai trial, truth commissions) (article in Tempo Social).
Research and publications on human rights, law and collective memory grew out of a long-standing line of work examining the role institutions play in the production of knowledge and the making of decisions regarding crime and punishment. Institutions of the state, law, scholarship and religion take different shape across nations and thus contribute to different patterns and dynamics of punishment (e.g., articles in American Journal of Sociology 1994, 2005; Punishment and Society 1999; Social Problems 2002; Law and Social Inquiry 2004; Social Forces 2004; Criminology 2004; Sociological Forum 2011).
Previous work includes research on white-collar crime legislation (e.g., Constructing White-Collar Crime, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994) and sentencing guidelines (e.g., American Journal of Sociology 1992).